受難曲(2004)和耶穌傳:

The Passion of the Christ和關於十字架刑法的資料

蔡少琪

回到 華人神學園地

信仰與時代(反省篇)

 

預備2012年受難節講道時,略略重看了2004年震撼世人的《受難曲》電影,整理了一點連結和電影的次序,希望對大家有幫助。

 

The Passion of The Christ (2004) 受難曲電影 (Mel Gibson) Youtube: 片長1:54:01

http://www.right-media.com/images/products/big/VCD11450.jpghttp://t2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQ5k_V50-OgzrJcG5CyGgIMWDi8KAdosRRWYy6VDWs55s8Mt2w5

受難曲精簡版 1/2 (The Passion of The Christ 1/2)(有中文字幕)

受難曲精簡版 2/2 (The Passion of The Christ 2/2) (有中文字幕)

這個中文字幕是簡體字版本,基本上是用基督教的用語。整理來說,算盡量按照聖經的教導,但有一些地方與聖經有一些出入。也加入一些魔鬼參與的場景,並也有一些按照傳說或傳統加上的部分內容。

受難曲 基百科

《受難曲》_互動百科

http://www.mask9.com/sites/default/files/mt0x0001/10205/image/201111/movie-jesus-poster-mask9.jpg

傳統用的《耶穌傳廣東話版本

《耶穌傳》是一部根據路加福音而編寫的兩小時影片。此片被譽為是最準確描述耶穌基督的生平的影片。《耶穌傳》計畫的目的是要讓世界上的每一個人都能夠觀看以他們本身的語言配音的《耶穌傳》影片。無論您是說中文、法文或其他四百多種的語言,您最終都可以透過您本身的語言去認識耶穌。透過《耶穌傳》計畫及超過八百基督教團體的合作,全球已有超過十億一千萬人觀賞過這部富有震撼力的影片,而大部份人都是藉著他們自己的語言去觀賞這關於耶穌的故事。

 

“Jesus” 1979Film in various languages 不同語言版本

http://www.jesusfilm.org/film-and-media/watch-the-film

廣東話:watch children's listen

普通話(大陸版本)watch children's listen watch

國語版本(台灣)watch children's listen

英文 English watch children's listen

The JESUS Film Project distributes the film "JESUS," a two-hour docudrama about the life of Christ based on the Gospel of Luke. The film has been seen in every country of the world and translated into hundreds of languages since its initial release in 1979.

 

故事片《拿撒勒人耶稣》(Jesus of Nazareth) 1977

六小時的《拿撒勒人耶穌》(Jesus of Nazareth [1977]) 歷年來深受全球電影評論家和教會領袖一致好評。該片綜合聖經四福音書內容,全面展現耶穌出生,孩提時代,傳道生涯,神跡奇事,被釘十架,到復活升天的完美生命。影片由榮獲奧斯卡獎提名的弗蘭科澤菲雷利Franco Zeffirelli) 導演,羅伯特鮑威爾(Robert Powell),勞倫斯奧利威爾Sir Laurence Olivier),安妮班克勞福特( Anne Bancroft) 大批世界著名的演員,鮮活地刻畫了耶穌及其那個時代的法利賽人,罪人和市井小民們。中文配音亦出自中國大陸專業演員。Jesus of Nazareth is a 1977 Anglo-Italian television miniseries.

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/c/c0/Jesus_of_nazareth.jpg/200px-Jesus_of_nazareth.jpg

稣传1 拿撒勒人耶:馬利亞婚約前,到施洗施浸約翰在曠野 (普通話)

撒勒人2 (耶穌受洗受浸,到少年官)(普通話)

稣传3 拿撒勒人耶:五餅二魚到,耶穌責罵法利賽人(普通話)

稣传4 拿撒勒人耶:法利賽人謀要殺耶穌,到復活(普通話)

 

從醫學觀點去解釋耶穌死亡那日所忍受的痛苦作者:C .Truman Davis 譯者:狄惠榮

A Medical Description of the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ: Condensed from "The Crucifixion of Jesus Christ" by C. Truman Davis, M.S. March, 1965

流血汗路加醫生是唯一的福音傳道者記述這個現象。他說:「耶穌極其傷痛,禱告更加懇切,汗珠如大血點滴在地上。」(路廿二44)在極大緊張壓力底下,包圍汗腺的微血管破裂,導致血與汗混和一起流出來。這樣的現象醫學上叫做「血汗症」(hematidrosis or haematidrosis)。這個過程單獨就能使人倍感虛弱、休克。

鞭打每根皮條的頂端帶著兩個小鉛球。兵丁用上他最大的力氣,向著耶穌的肩膀、背部和大腿猛烈地鞭打。最初,這樣鞭打只是割破表面皮肉;後來,這些皮條就切進皮下組織的深層,造成皮膚微血管和小靜脈破裂,血汩汩地往外滲最後連肌肉裡的動脈也破了,血就不斷地濺流出來。

在十字架上:當耶穌身體的重量使得身體緩緩地墜向下時,如火灼熱般的劇痛從手指頭穿過手臂直上大腦,痛的好像要爆炸那樣。手腕裡的正中神經,一條橫越手腕與手掌中間的粗大神經,正被釘子緊緊壓迫著。用腳將身體頂上來一點,好避免這種壓迫的痛苦;全身的重量卻在此時加在雙腳壓在那根釘子上,如火燒撕裂般的劇痛又從跖骨間的神經爆發出來。在這痛苦掙扎中發生了另一個現象。當手臂變得疲乏無力,肌肉開始一陣的痙攣抽搐,造成連續不斷、無情的痛苦。隨著他沒有能力把自己提升上來,身軀垂掛在兩臂之下,大胸肌麻痺了,肋骨間肌肉也沒法活動工作。空氣可以吸入肺裡,卻不能呼出來。耶穌掙扎著把身軀頂上來一點,好稍稍換一口氣。最後,肺裡和血液裡的二氧化碳濃度增加至一個程度,痙攣稍為得到一些舒緩。

我渴了:體液的喪失已經達到極限,受壓迫的心臟掙扎著勉強泵送又濃又粘的血液,受盡折磨的肺拼命地吸進一點的空氣。嚴重脫水的組織不斷刺激著大腦,發出警號。耶穌喘了一口氣,喊出第五句話,說:「我渴了!」

 

魂斷各十字架記錄了基督的痛與殷穎

The Crucifixion A Medical Perspective: Youtube

Crucifixion of Jesus: descriptive

Passion of the Christ: step by step introduction by Carole Bos

Crucifixion in the Ancient World:  By Dr. Richard P. Bucher

History Channel "Crucifixion" (2008): In youtube in other language, maybe in Hispanic, not English

The facts of crucifixion, ROBERT GIDLEY

How Painful is Crucifixion :The average life span of a person on the cross was three to four days.

Roman Crucifixion: Instances are recorded of persons who survived nine days.

15 Methods/ ways of Death Penalty

Capital Punishment: Catholic Encyclopedia

The punishment was the same as that affixed by the lex Cornelia de sicariis (Dig., 1 c.), by which must be meant the same punishment that the lex Cornelia affixed to crimes of the same kind. He who killed a father or mother, grandfather or grandmother, was punished, more majorum (according to the custom of the fathers) by being whipped till he bled, sewn up in a sack with a dog, cock, viper, and ape, and thrown into the sea, if the sea was at hand, and if not, by a constitution of Hadrian, he was exposed to wild beasts, or, in the time of Paulus, to be burnt.

Crucifixion was a method of inflicting capital punishment by nailing or tying malefactors to pieces of wood transversely placed the one upon the other. The crosses used by the ancients were of several forms; one shaped like the letter X has often been called crux Andreana (Andrew's cross) because, according to tradition, St. Andrew suffered death upon a.cross of that form; another was formed like the letter T, and a Roman writer, Lucian, uses that fact in disparagement of the letter itself. The third kind of cross, and that most commonly used, was made of two pieces of wood crossed so as to make four right angles. It was on this kind of a cross that Christ suffered, according to the unanimous testimony of the Fathers. Crucifixion, under the Roman law, was usually reserved for slaves and the worst kind of evildoers. The incidents of crucifixion were that the criminal, after the pronouncement of sentence, carried his cross to the place of execution, a custom mentioned by Plutarch and other writers as well as in the Gospels. Scourging was inflicted upon the persons executed as in the case of other capital punishments among the Romans. Grotius and other writers have called attention to the fact that the scourging of Christ was not in accordance with the Roman usage, because it was inflicted before the sentence of death was pronounced. The criminal was next stripped of his clothes, and nailed or bound to the cross. The latter was the more painful method, as the sufferer was left to die of hunger. Instances are recorded of persons who survived nine days. The Romans usually left the body on the cross after death.

中國類同的恐怖刑法:Google 照片:要注意照片恐怖!

遲:Baidu 百科

遲也稱陵遲,即民間所說的“千刀萬剮陵遲原來指山陵的坡度是慢慢降低的,用於死刑名稱,則是指處死人時將人身上的肉一刀刀割去,使受刑人痛苦地慢慢死去。據記載劉瑾本計劃分三日割,第一天三百五十七刀,割10刀休息一下,待劉瑾甦醒後再割,但割到第二天劉瑾已一命嗚呼

遲歷史:劉瑾被割357仍吃粥:照片恐怖!!

史上震惊世人的10宗凌迟案:照片恐怖!!

 

 

我整理了《受難曲》電影(2004)的時間次序,方便讀者可以按照這些時間,尋找相關片段!

0-13:32 客西馬尼園

6:45-  耶穌極其傷痛的禱告:Mark 14:36 "Abba, Father," he said, "everything is possible for you. Take this cup from me. Yet not what I will, but what you will." 14:36他說:「阿爸,父阿,在你凡事都能,求你將這杯撤去,然而不要從我的意思,只要從你的意思。」

13:32-36:30   Sanhedrin trial of Jesus耶穌深夜在公會受審、被打、被羞辱

27:40-29:33 Peters Denial彼得三次不認主 Mark14:66-72; Luke22:54-62

35:00-36:30 Judas suicide 猶大自殺

 

36:30-1:09:33 Trial before Pilate 被彼拉多審問和鞭打等

39:42-41:15   Jesus dialogue with Pilate 耶穌和彼拉多的對話;John18:33-38

46:15-49:57  Pilate facing Jewish crowd I 彼拉多面對猶太人群眾(第一幕):群眾選巴拉巴;彼拉多送耶穌去受鞭打;Matt.27:20-23

49:59-1:01:36  bloody and painful scouge 耶穌受痛苦和血腥的鞭打; John19:1-2

1:05:09-1:05:24 Jesus was mocked and slapped; 耶穌被羞辱;John19:2-3

1:06:28-1:09:33 Pilate yielded and Jesus was sent to crucifixion; 19:4-16

1:08:47-1:09:08 Pilate washed hands 彼拉多洗手; Matt.27:24

 

      1:09:34-1:29:45  Road to Calvary 去加略山的路;Matt.27:32-33

1:17:35-1:24:30 Simon was compelled to bear cross with Jesus 西門被勉強與耶穌同背十字架

      1:29:45-1:37:30 Jesus was nailed 耶穌被釘在十字架

1:32:50-1:36:00 The scene of Jesus being nailed 耶穌被釘

 

      1:37:30-1:52:24  Jesus’ Words on Cross耶穌十架七言

1:39:12-1:39:33 Teased by the thief[1]; Luke23:39

1:40:16-1:40:30 Jesus saying to forgive them 耶穌祈求父:饒恕他們;(Luke23:34

1:40:50-1:41:38 Jesus paradise word to another thief另一罪犯的祈求;耶穌說:今天到樂園裡。Luke23:40-43

1:43:12 Thunder and darkness 打雷和天昏暗

1:45:07- Taste vinegar 耶穌嘗醋;John19:29

1:45:22- Jesus said to Mary and John 耶穌向馬利亞和約翰說;John19:25-27

1:46:22-1:46:43 為什麼離棄我

1:47:00 成了

1:47:24 父啊,靈魂交給你;Luke23:46

1:49:37 water and blood from Jesus

 

      1:52:24-1:54:01 Grave and Resurrection 墳墓和復活

 



[1] In Jacobus de Voragine's "Golden Legend" the name of the impenitent thief is given as Gesmas.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Impenitent_thief.